What are the requirements of Chen's taijiquan to various parts of the body?
1) the specific requirement for the head and neck to practice Chen's taijiquan at the head and neck: to keep the head upright, the neck muscles should remain relaxed, so that the head has a feeling of suspension. Be careful not to be forced and inflexible, and avoid leaning back and backward. When the body is moving and rotating, the head and neck should be consistent with the body and the limbs, and the two eyes should be extended. In the movement, a hand is given priority to the middle finger of the hand. The lower jaw should be slightly inward, and the teeth and lips should be slightly closed. The tip of the tongue is on the palate to strengthen the salivation. The ears are very strict after listening to the left and right. In mechanics, the head is in the vertical line of the human body; In physiology, the brain of the head is the center of the nervous system. If the head is stagger when practicing boxing, it will affect the balance and coordination of the body, not only lose the graceful posture, but also affect the concentration of the spirit. When practicing boxing, the head and neck should master well, so that the mind can be concentrated, so that the body can be flexible. Otherwise, it will appear to be a lack of spirit, complete and harmonious movement."
2) the body leader refers to the chest, waist, abdomen and buttocks of the human body. These parts are the protective supports of the internal organs and viscera, which play an important role in the fitness, body defense and technique. The requirement of Chen's taijiquan for the chest is to contain, to be empty, to loose. Chen xin said: "the chest wants to contain the strength, also want the empty." "The chest loose, chest loose, the whole body relaxed." The chest is empty and the bosom is loosened, can form abdominal breath naturally, make breath deep and comfortable. In the sense of technical strike, "the importance is transported in the middle of the breast". Chest deficiency, clavicular and ribs are loose and heavy, can make the upper limb false neck and the body center of gravity decline, in the technical stroke can greatly help. The requirement of Chen's taijiquan for the back is: to relax and sink, "to focus on". The human back is a microarc, connected by the spine of the vertebra, which is the part of the spinal nerve. According to the meridian theory, the back is the channel of the governor, the governor is the sea of the yangmai. Wrestling, sink back muscles should pay attention to stretch and, according to the spine physiological state, along with the slum, keep back relatively regular, to facilitate the flow of qi and blood, do "affects between gas back", to facilitate the "force by ridge". The requirement of Chen's tai chi for the waist is: the waist down. It is the lumbar vertebral arch to be according to the physiological characteristic, slightly inward sinks and sinks, the waist is the pivot of the lower body rotation. In the case of the breast, the downward pressure can cause the heart to drop, and the lower plate is stable. Chen xin said in the treatise, "the waist is the top of the lower body of the junction, not soft, also not hard, fold the Chinese side." If the waist is too hard, it will shrink the psoas muscle and affect the rotation of the lower body. At the same time, also pay attention to make the waist spine straight vertical, the so-called "straight waist". "Straight waist", as much as possible, in order to minimize bent forward bends, avoid under the condition of the body relax, affect the normal physiological state of the spine, maintain the foundation Chiang kai-shek, make the waist ridge to better play the role of the axle. During the practice, the thoracic vertebra above the lumbar vertebra, depending on the needs of the movement, sometimes may be slightly retractable, but not to swing freely, to pay attention to the straight in the song. Chen's taijiquan requires "fit" to the abdomen. The abdomen is the place where danfield is located, and dantian is the place where the middle air ends. When practicing taijiquan, the strength of the body, to the outgoing people, all started in the dantian. The left and right sides of the ventral ribs rush into the vents, the air and sea, and the two of them are very virtual. Some taijiquan family come up with "ventral pine"; Some suggest "empty chest abdomen". In fact, the abdominal muscles in the middle of the field have zhang youchi, the two are not contradictory, is "zhong qi in the middle, the ghost in the inside." Chen's taijiquan demands "pan" for the buttocks. In the combination of the collapse, the stomach, the hip, the round crotch, the buttocks are slightly panted, and the good air runs through the ridge, which is beneficial to the use of waist strength, crotch strength and leg strength. It's not a pout, not a hip. Gluteus is the inevitable result of collapse, stomach, crotch, crotch, and knee. "In the front of the crotch, the posterior hip will naturally turn up". Some taijiquan sends out "collect buttock", it is the demand that the buttock is slightly to collect in the buttock. The folding of the hip is can prevent lip butt, but, if only pay attention to the buttocks to convergence, the front fork is big, after the fork, fork strength cannot open circle, it will affect the flexibility of body rotation.
3) the requirement of the upper extremity Chen's taijiquan for shoulder elbow is "loose shoulder and elbow". Some are called "sunken shoulder elbows" or "sunken shoulder pads." The two shoulder joints are going to go down and the elbows are going down. Loose shoulder and sunken elbow are interrelated, only to be able to sink elbow loose shoulder, two buttocks can complete loose life, movement nature. If the elbow is obstructed, it will affect the internal energy use, thus affecting the coordination of the body. When practicing, always pay attention to the relaxation of the two shoulder joints, consciously extend the extension, and gradually pull away the sink; Two elbows should have droop, to play the role of "defend ribs". Also, notice that there is a gap of about one fist in the armpit, which helps the arm rotate freely. Strive for completeness, and be light and not stiff. But it must take a long time to get there. Chen's demand for the wrist is "change with motion". The wrist type has strong wrist, sit wrist, fold wrist, rotate wrist and so on many kinds of changes, it is with the need of the action, the harmony of body law changes. However, no matter how varied, must combine with the body law, in order to operate with the gas to change. The wrist should be flexible and flexible, and the wrist should be flexible. It is not possible to float and soften for the sake of fancy, lose the power of the wrist, so that when pushing the hand, it is easy to be held by the other side of the wrist. Chen's taijiquan emphasizes the hand's role, and the opponent's request is "to use as needed". "This art is full of heart, with the elbow and elbow," says the fist. "Every move, its movement in the body, the expression in the hand." There is also the "tip of the tip (the tip of the hand), the middle section, the root knot" says, from the hand type, mainly have the palm, fist, hook, gun and diao hand five kinds.
4) the lower extremity is the root of the foundation and strength of the body, including the crotch, crotch, knee and foot. The requirement of Chen's taijiquan for crotch is to be round, to be empty, to be loose, to live. Avoid pointing crotch, crotch and dead crotch. The crotch plays an important role in routine operation and technique. Round crotch: it is two crotch root and two knee brace open to hold round and have a congenial meaning. Loose crotch and live crotch, it is crotch joint and hip muscle should relax, cannot die to resist the pelvis, false and solid want flexible transformation. The crotch is lower than the knee, the knee joint has the dead bend, the footwork is not light, has committed the trouble of turning off the spirit. During the movement, the waist is closely related to the crotch, and the crotch and crotch knee should cooperate with each other. The waist can be loose, the crotch can be propped open, the knee can fit, the crotch is able to support the circle. The requirement of Chen's tai chi for the crotch is: the hip root is to open, the hip joint should release. The rotation of the left and right sides of the waist and the virtual transformation of the legs are done by the loose work of the crotch joint. "Loose crotch" this requirement, generally is not very good to master. Because the hips support the weight of the upper body. When the crotch is relaxed, the burden of the knee is increased. In general, the strength of the leg is poor, the knee joint cannot support the weight of the whole body, so it is not possible to loosen the crotch, to form the front of the knee, the stomach and the stomach, the body back to the bad posture. The correct requirement is: maintain the center of the cadre of the body to be comfortable, lower crouching, the knee cannot exceed the foretoe, the crotch ministry and the buttock is like have a stool behind to sit. The hip joint has to be combined with the relaxation of the shoulder joint. If you don't hang loose and shoulder to hip, ribs and compression of the abdominal muscles, affecting ribs abdominal muscle relaxation sinks and reduced diaphragm, qi activity function will be affected to varying degrees, it will be difficult to reach the requirements of the "internal static gas TengRan". The requirement of Chen's taijiquan for knee is: round work. Knee ligament of the knee is the joints and surrounding tissues, activity performance is good, strong expansion force, of tibiofibula and femoral bungalows, its position in the taijiquan movement is very important, because tai chi is on the basis of the knees loose hip keep is the foundation. During the whole set of exercises, the knee should always be bent. The height of the punching frame and the size of the footwork have a direct relation with the knee joint. In terms of the figure, the figure is low, the step is fixed, the knee joints bear heavy burden. In routine practice, the size of leg support, the weight of the whole body is done by the adjustment of the knee joint. The person that learns taiji boxing first, should practice tall figure method first, wait for the leg to have the support force, gradually reduce the figure method. Chen tai chi chuan on the attack to knee also to have certain request, double driving force, and two legs, knees stick to each other, can call out, buckle, knee, can force the other party lost power and influence, is also a supporter below, protect Lian bone method. "Fist theory" has "far to kick, close to knee". The requirement of Chen's taijiquan is: flexible and stable. The foot is the foundation of the body, the two postures are correct, it is important to ensure the flexibility and stability of the footwork.
Chen's taijiquan requires two feet: the feet, toes, feet, heel, and the feet of the spring. The toes can't be turned, the feet can't turn left and right, the front is twisted. In the driving step and step, the direction and position should be set, to achieve "landing roots", not to move. It's a clear, calm, steady feeling. In addition, in the run, a step forward step or about to open, all want to bend your knees hip, or become warped on toe, heel in the sliding out side on the ground to shovel, open to the appropriate location, and then move the center of gravity. When you step back, the tip of your toes lands first and then the center of gravity is steady. When turning left and right, one foot supports the center of gravity, the other one is a full tilt of the outside pendulum or the inside of the buckle, with the foot and the lateral landing, the direction of the position is moved, and then the center of gravity is solid. In the tip of the tip or the inside of the buckle, the legs also have a spiral. The feet can be divided into hooks, sets, kicking, kicking and stepping. The hook, sleeve and kick are generally used in the tip of the method; Pedal and step are the methods of heel and foot.